Dept. Seminar - Abolfazl Safikhani

Monday, April 9, 2018 - 4:10pm
Event Type: 

Abolfazl Safikhani 
Department of Statistics
Columbia University


Joint Structural Break Detection and Parameter Estimation in High-Dimensional Non-Stationary VAR Models


Assuming stationarity is unrealistic in many time series applications. A more realistic alternative is to

allow for piecewise stationarity, where the model is allowed to change at given time points. In this talk, we propose a

three-stage procedure for consistent estimation of both structural change points and parameters of high-

dimensional piecewise vector autoregressive (VAR) models. In the first step, we reformulate the change

point detection problem as a high-dimensional variable selection one, and propose a penalized least square

estimator using a total variation penalty. We show that the proposed penalized estimation method over-

estimates the number of change points. We then propose a backward selection criterion in conjunction

with a penalized least square estimator to tackle this issue. In the last step of our procedure, we estimate

the VAR parameters in each of the segments. We prove that the proposed procedure consistently detects

the number of change points and their locations. We also show that the procedure consistently estimates

the VAR parameters. The performance of the method is illustrated through several simulation scenarios

and real data examples. This is a joint work with Ali Shojaie.


Refreshments at 3:45pm in Snedecor 2101.